American Black Walnut
It is expensive indeed. The sapwood has a creamy white color. The heartwood color ranges from a golden or light brown to dark chocolate brown color, and sometimes with narrow streaks of a darker purplish-brown. It has a beautiful, fine and generally straight-grained timber, although sometimes it has an attractive wavy or curly grain, giving it a highly decorative figure. This could be in the form of wood curl, crotch, and burls. Has a medium texture and moderate natural luster.
美國黑胡桃木, 高貴優雅, 色深而顯氣質. 其黯淡的光澤最教人著迷. 樹心是淺啡至深朱古力色, 邊材是淺啡至淡白色, 樹節結疤較多, 成本昂貴.
Heartwood is a light pinkish brown when freshly cut, darkening to a medium reddish brown with time and upon exposure to light. Sapwood is a pale yellowish color. The grain is usually straight and easy to work-with the exception of figured pieces with curly grain patterns. Has a fine, even texture with moderate natural luster. It likely contain some knots, worm holes, mineral streaks, and substantial grain pattern variations.
美國櫻桃木, 感覺溫婉. 木紋雅緻, 觸感平滑. 木色普遍介乎橙色至深橙紅, 隨著使用變深, 如美酒般愈見醇厚. 天生伴隨啡色的樹心班點, 及深色的礦物線.
Beech wood is smooth to touch but dense. It is typically a pale cream color with a pink or brown hue. Flatsawn surfaces tend to be very plain, while quartersawn surfaces exhibit a silvery fleck pattern. The texture is not very distinctive because there is not much difference between the annual rings.
歐洲櫸木, 感覺清新柔順. 纖維十分細膩, 木紋不明顯, 木色接近肉色, 帶微微至中度橙色, 較白橡木淺色. 缺點是, 喜歡粗獷木材的朋友常認為其質感不強.
It is strong and hard, tends to be very grainy, with a coarse and uneven texture. There are two varieties: White Oak is a light to medium brown, commonly with an olive cast, and has a tiger-stripe grain with yellow rays and flecks. Red Oak which ranges from light brown to pinkish red with a swirling, water-like pattern. Oak wood is very hard, but come with higher possibility of cracking.
美國橡木, 木質堅硬耐用, 肌理原始樸素. 木紋深, 手感突出. 白橡, 木色由黃至啡, 與白無關. 紅橡, 木色反而相對較淺, 帶微紅. 橡木固有特質是, 斑紋樹結, 愈硬的木材, 內應力愈大, 注意濕度, 避免太乾燥.
• Color variation
Due to environmental factors, the timber has a natural variation in color. Factory joins multiple planks of wood to make furniture, hence a variation in color between planks can be expected.
• Tree knot
Formed by branches of a tree, The knots are ever-changing as the tree grows. They come in many shapes and sizes, and are a unique characteristic of natural wood that is to be appreciated.
• Pin knot
Small holes resulting from bird peck and associated discoloration creates a unique contrast in color and texture in the wood.
• Wood scar
As the tree grows, wild animals and birds may scratch and claw the timber, causing natural wood scars.
Wood is a natural material. Its cell structure, similar to our skin, can take on and release moisture; it breathes.
No two trees come with the same tones and markings, no two pieces of furniture will look exactly the same.
Each piece of furniture is unique and showing the life of the tree etched in the grain. Color, grain, and texture variations are natural characteristics of authentic wood surfaces. These variations are evident in every piece of wood and are incorporated into the furniture.
Natural wood products will exhibit unique grains, scars, knots, splits and fissures that add to the distinct character of each exceptional piece.
Wood has a natural variation in color. Factory uses a mix of straight grain and wavy grain timber, embracing both heartwood (inner layer of tree, darker) and sapwood (outer layer of tree, lighter).
For example Black Walnut, the planks with creamy white sapwood are joined next to planks with chocolate brown heartwood, creating a unique aesthetic second to none, and accounting for black walnut's endearing popularity.
Wood planks are dried to reduce splitting and warping.
Nonetheless, natural movement of the planks can be expected due to natural expansion and contraction of the wood caused by changes in humidity, sunlight, or moisture. All this up-and-down movement eventually warps the wood and may cause cracks, but rest assured that these are normal occurrences that do not affect the structural integrity of the piece.
Wood finish can be roughly classified into two main systems: Lacquers and Water-Based Finishing (Lacquer below) and Oil and Wax-Based Finishing (Wax Oil below). Other systems like Solvent-based and Traditional Oil-based are now not very popular and not discussed here.
It protects the wood from the outside, forms a clear and shiny film or thick layer on the top of the wood surface.
• Good liquid resistance but not absolutely
• Protects against abrasion
• Dry quickly
Disadvantages are, renovation is only possible after thorough sanding; the surface cannot be partially renovated; the layer might crack, flake, blister or peel.
Wax Oil Finishing
It does not form a film. Oil penetrates into the wood, protecting the wood from deep within. Waxes form an elastic, microporous surface which protect the wood from external influences. Some brands include Osmo, Holzol, Biohouse etc.
• Retain the natural beauty and texture of wood
• Provides a "permanent wet" effect
• Partial renovations can be carried out easily
• Coating itself does not creak, flake, peel, or blister
• One of the most healthy finishing
Disadvantages are, the resistance of liquid is not strong, it takes some time to dry, and relatively costly.
木蠟油是目前被公認為最能呈現木材天然美感與質感, 同時又起到一定程度的保護作用的表面處理. 一種主要由天然植物制成的環保塗料, 對使用者非常健康. 另一大好處是, 對於水印污漬, 輕度碰損擦花, 用家可簡單地自行作局部修復. 局限是防水力較弱.
A little care for your furniture goes a long way in keeping your furniture looking great.
• Keep used surfaces covered
Place tablecloths and placemats on dining table for instance. Also, keep coasters nearby. Sweat from a cold glass or heat from a hot beverage can penetrate the finish and leave a white ring on your tabletop. Trees need water, wood furniture does not.
• Keep out of direct sunlight
Sunlight bleaches wood and degrades furniture finishes. Continual sunlight may cause visible changes to the wood to appear.
• Make dusting with a soft cloth
Frequent dusting removes airborne deposits that build up in a filmy layer and can scratch the surface. Soft cloth and feather dusters work best.
• Clean the surface with a dry cloth
Dry cloth is preferred for Wax oil finishing. A damp cloth, not wet, cloth could be used for Lacquer finishing to clean off stain. Always soft cloth, and always use a dry cloth to remove any access moisture on the surface.
• Avoid chemicals
Never use all-purpose cleaning sprays, and keep items like solvents and nail-polish remover away from your furniture, if they spill, they can strip the finish.
• Control the environment
Avoid placing furniture in an area where the sun will shine directly on it, and not store furniture in an attic or cellar-type environment. Keep furniture away from direct sources of heating and cooling, e.g heater, air conditioner. You may not be able to keep the indoor temperature and humidity constant, but please reduce the amplitude of change, humidifier and dehumidifier may help.
• Apply wax oil twice a year
It is highly recommended to apply a thin coat of Wax Oil at least once a year, especially before Winter comes. Do not apply too thickly.